Socially Driven Green business simulation models

This result offers the business simulation models that act as mindtools for SE students offering them a holistic approach of how environmental sustainability could be applied within the SE business sector. The SDG business simulation models are built upon the adapted social economy business model canvas for environmental sustainability and data extracted from interviews with representatives of the SE green business sector and the collection of case studies of SE organisations that operate in economic sectors with environmental objectives aiming to:

  • provide a learning environment for students to be inspired to design their own environmental simulation SE business solutions/models through online hands-on experimentation,
  • provide students with the opportunity to test ideas and policies in a consequence-free environment, where they can observe which factors can contribute to success, which ones might lead to suboptimal results and in which parts of the system unintended consequences might appear. model of diffusionThe objective of the model is for students to understand what is the potential market of a new business and how potential clients can become actual clients. The exercise contains two models: one qualitative and one quantitative. to the successful CLDThe objective of the model is to explain to students how two entities that compete for the same resource (either resource or market share) could become sustainable or fall out of business & quantitative)The purpose of the two models is to describe how a systemic escalation can occur. Escalation is a type of behavior where two similar entities attempt to gain an advantage one over the other, very often in detriment to the environment feedback in the economyThe objective of the model is to illustrate how real-life economy can escape typical equilibrium situations as described in traditional economic theories feedback in the economy 2The current model updates the previous one in the following manner: the price of each meal that is prepared by the represented social bistro is not determined automatically by the model. Instead the student can set their own price for only one of the social enterprises; the other enterprise keeps the same, automated mechanism. Moreover, the complexity of the decision that the students need to take increases as they will have to keep track of Revenues, Costs and the Market Share of the social enterprise whose price they can control. and social impact 1The current model is a continuation of the previous one. Its objective is to allow students to experiment with various policies and investigate how they can establish profitable businesses, with a positive social impact, while continuing to be subject to random market forces. and social impact 2The model further continues as an update of the previous one. The students can experiment with the price per meal and the percentage of the meals that are returned to the community for both social enterprises and are asked to simulate and test different scenarios to investigate the complexity that social entrepreneurs face in their effort to sustain a business and make a meaningful social impact. materialThe objective of the model is to illustrate how companies/enterprises can use recycling as a means to reduce their dependencies (and costs) from finite resources. material & learningThe current model is a continuation of the previous one. Its purpose is to introduce a policy structure that represents efforts to teach and inform people about the merits of recycling. As case study, the Fundacja Inspekt social enterprise is used in the model. dynamics 1The objective of the model is to simulate the housing market and attempt to find solutions to various problems that would be beneficial without producing unintended consequences dynamics 2The objective of the current model is to develop and present a quantitative version of the Causal Loop Diagram of the previous model dynamics 3The objective of the current model is to expand the previous one and account for newer and older buildings. Thus, the model attempts to represent an ongoing effort of social enterprise and policy makers to modernize older buildings and make them more sustainable and carbon neutral. dynamics 4The current model continues the trend of updating the previous one. In this setting, not only the buildings/homes sector, but an entire urban environment is modelled. Dynamics and social impactModel 16 closes the housing section of the models with an even more complex expansion of the previous models. The students are asked first to simulate the model with the given values and observe the various dynamics that are formed. Following the base case simulation, the students are led to a dashboard with a plethora of policies and options to choose from. and Energy 1The current model begins a new cycle of modes that are focused on the energy sector. It asks the student to make the assumption that they have founded a social enterprise that is focused on installing and maintaining photovoltaic panels on households. and Energy 2The current model is an expansion and update of the previous one: In the previous model, the focus was on increasing the production of energy for households from renewable sources (solar). However, any attempt towards sustainability will have to include reduction in the consumption of energy. Transitions 1The purpose of the model is to illustrate in a simple manner how countries have dealt with the transition from coal plants to natural gas plants for the production of electricity–21Energy Transitions 2The last model entails a double update of the previous one. In the first update, the students are asked to ponder about how transition from coal plants to natural gas can be hindered or accelerated from geopolitical events like the war in Ukraine. In the final update of the model, all resources for power generation are considered and in addition, a cost structure for all of them has been included.  
More information on the methodology that was used for the development of the models can be found here:
The most important definitions regarding the simulated models and the most common questions answered can be found here:


poland  Pedagogical University of Krakow, Poland


greece  Stimmuli for Social Change, Greece

czech  Prague University of Economics and Business, Czech Republic

greece  University of Macedonia, Greece

belgium  The Square Dot team, Belgium

poland  Association for Social Cooperatives, Poland


June 2024